Friday, October 30, 2020

Remote Control Cybernetic Surveillance - Nanorobots Will Be Delivered through Vaccines - Next Level Contact Tracing: Embedded Nanodevices for Real Time Epidemic Control - A.I. Will Take Over the Surveillance Using Nanorobots - You Will Lose Physical Control Over Your Body

Ed.'s note: This paper on Nanorobot Hardware Architecture for Medical Defense was put out in 2008 predicting the global vaccine market would go from $11 billion to $30 billion by 2011. The global market for vaccines is roughly at $33 billion as of 2020 and is expected to increase yearly. With this business forecast on vaccine sales that obviously means people will be vaccinated but the question is vaccinated with what exactly? The following paper reveals what is coming in these vaccines under the global COVID Operation. 

Nanorobots as this paper outlines will probably be manufactured as a component of this coming COVID vaccine. With a survival rate of 99.8% or more depending on age with this coronavirus, why would these technocrats and bureaucrats go to such destructive extremes against society with lockdowns, forced mask wearing, social distancing and quarantines? If you do not see what is going on here and that this planned pandemic has been in the planning stages for years, all you have to do is look at the date of this paper: 2008. There are more papers available for researchers and those who can read between the lines.

When you read this paper you have to carefully read between the lines to see what is going to be deployed against civilian populations. The technocrats related to the military are building out their surveillance platforms including with smart phones and is going to be upgraded to the next level likely through vaccines as a carrier for the nanorobots. The global COVID Operation is the excuse being used to roll this technology out. This "developmental technology will be able to detect influenza inside the body" through the deployment of nanorobots. This is dual use technology which is also what the military uses. All this technology is all being weaponized. This is all about cybernetics. At some point A.I. will take over these surveillance systems but will be "perfected." Your physical existence will be tied directly to these nanorobots once injected.
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Source: mdpi.com

Nanorobot Hardware Architecture for Medical Defense

by Adriano Cavalcanti 1,2,*,Bijan Shirinzadeh 2, Mingjun Zhang 3 andLuiz C. Kretly 4

1 CAN Center for Automation in Nanobiotech, Melbourne, VIC 3168 Australia

2 Robotics and Mechatronics Research Lab., Dept. of Mechanical Eng., Monash University, Clayton, Melbourne, VIC 3800 Australia

3 Dept. of Mechanical, Aerospace & Biomedical Eng., The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996 USA

4 Dept. of Microwave and Optics, Electrical & Comp. Eng., University of Campinas, Campinas, SP 13083 Brazil

* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.]

Sensors 2008, 8(5), 2932-2958; https://doi.org/10.3390/s8052932 

Received: 28 January 2008 / Accepted: 29 April 2008 / Published: 6 May 2008

(This article belongs to the Special Issue Probing in Micro World Using Electrochemical Microsensors, Progress and Challenge)

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Abstract

This work presents a new approach with details on the integrated platform and hardware architecture for nanorobots application in epidemic control, which should enable real time in vivo prognosis of biohazard infection. The recent developments in the field of nanoelectronics, with transducers progressively shrinking down to smaller sizes through nanotechnology and carbon nanotubes, are expected to result in innovative biomedical instrumentation possibilities, with new therapies and efficient diagnosis methodologies. The use of integrated systems, smart biosensors, and programmable nanodevices are advancing nanoelectronics, enabling the progressive research and development of molecular machines. It should provide high precision pervasive biomedical monitoring with real time data transmission. The use of nanobioelectronics as embedded systems is the natural pathway towards manufacturing methodology to achieve nanorobot applications out of laboratories sooner as possible. To demonstrate the practical application of medical nanorobotics, a 3D simulation based on clinical data addresses how to integrate communication with nanorobots using RFID, mobile phones, and satellites, applied to long distance ubiquitous surveillance and health monitoring for troops in conflict zones. Therefore, the current model can also be used to prevent and save a population against the case of some targeted epidemic disease.

1. Introduction

The development of nanorobots is a technological breakthrough that can enable real time in vivo prognosis for application in a variety of biomedical problems [1]. Particularly interesting is the fact that medical nanorobots should also provide an effective tool for defense against biohazard contaminants [2-4]. This paper presents the use of nanorobots with embedded protein based nanobiosensors [5], providing a practical molecular machine for medical defense technology.

Normally, for areas in public calamity or conflict zones, the absence of drinking water, any sort of fuel, electricity, and the lack of towers for network communication, including cable and wireless telephony, is a constant [6]. In such a situation, the available infrastructure is far from ideal to enable a large scale medical laboratory with precise and fast analysis. For such aspect, nanorobots integrated with nanobiosensors can help to transmit real time information, using international mobile phones for wireless data transmission through satellite communication [5,7,8]. In fact, nanorobots should mean an efficient and powerful clinical device to provide precious biomedical monitoring [9], both for soldiers as for civilian population. Therefore, the architecture presented in this work can help to address the development of just in time accurate information, protecting lives in urban areas against biohazard materials.

The proposed hardware architecture aims the use of medical nanorobots as an integrated platform to control contagious epidemic diseases [1,10]. Details on communication required for surveillance assistance, and the integration platform to interface long distance monitoring with nanorobots are also given through the paper. Thus, the present model serves to help monitoring contagious diseases [11], which in practical ways should protect personnel on patrol across conflict areas or during humanitarian missions. Furthermore, an important and interesting aspect in the proposed architecture is the fact that the same technique can be useful for other situations, like natural catastrophes or possible biohazard contamination [12], helping against pandemic outbreaks [13], when time and fast information is a key factor for public management [14,15].

To visualize how stages of the actual and in development technologies can be used to biohazard defense, the nanorobots are applied to detect influenza inside body based on blood flow patterns and protein signals [16,17]. The nanorobot architecture and integrated system are described [1,5,18], and the nanobiosensor is simulated based on electrochemical properties for digital-analog sensor activation. Therefore, the work developed is also useful as a practical methodology for control and equipment design analyses.

2. Nanorobot Development for Defense

The defense industry should remarkably benefit from achievements and trends on current nanobiotechnology systems integration. Such trends on technology have also resulted in a recent growing interest from the international scientific community, including medical and pharmaceutical sectors, towards the research and development of molecular machines.

2.1. Medical Nanorobots

The research and development of nanorobots with embedded nanobiosensors and actuators is considered a new possibility to provide new medical devices for doctors [9,19-21]. As integrated control mechanisms at microscopic environments differ from conventional control techniques, approaches using event-based feed forward control [cybernetics] are sought to effectively advance new medical technologies [22,23]. In the same way the development of microelectronics in the 1980s has led to new tools for biomedical instrumentation, the manufacturing of nanoelectronics [24,25], will similarly permit further miniaturization towards integrated medical systems, providing efficient methodologies for pathological prognosis [26-28]. The use of microdevices in surgery and medical treatments is a reality which has brought many improvements in clinical procedures in recent years [29]. For example, among other biomedical instrumentation, catheterization has been successfully used as an important methodology for heart and intracranial surgery [30-32]. Now the advent of biomolecular science and new manufacturing techniques is helping to advance the miniaturization of devices from micro to nanoelectronics. Sensors for biomedical applications are advancing through teleoperated surgery and pervasive medicine [33-35], and this same technology provides the basis for manufacturing biomolecular actuators. A first series of nanotechnology prototypes for molecular machines are being investigated in different ways [18,36-38], and some interesting devices for propulsion and sensing have been presented [39-41]. More complex molecular machines, or nanorobots, having embedded nanoscopic features represent new tools for medical procedures [42-44].

2.2. Motivation

Worldwide infectious and microbial diseases account for approximately 40% of the total 50 million annual deaths [45]. Considering the contagious properties of biohazard materials, they mean a serious threat that can affect a whole population, especially for metropolitan areas, where a contamination can spread extremely fast. [COVID planned pandemic] Dealing with such a problem, time is a major issue. Although traditional methods for clinical analysis of contamination is useful to positively identify if a person was infected with some sort of virus, this laboratorial process demands a precious time and a complex infrastructure. However, for conflict zones such infrastructure is often not easily accessible.

Taking from the moment of infection, some contagious diseases may show the first symptoms after hours, a week, or longer time, like years or even decades [12,46]. It means, for example, that when the public authorities noticed the infection from a contaminated person, showing external symptoms, a virus had enough time to spread itself through a circle of friends and workmates of the infected victim. Meantime, those mates were adversely driving the virus forward, and had started a catastrophic chain circle [13]. The use of nanorobots with embedded nanodevices for real time epidemic control, as lab on a chip, can be useful to avoid serious contamination with large proportions. In fact, it can help save a large part of a population in terms of fast evacuation and effective patients' quarantine. Thus, it should enable a more effective action against biohazard materials.

We implemented a system simulation and architecture of nanorobots for sensing the bloodstream, targeting biochemical changes against pathological signals. Actual advances in wireless technologies, nanoelectronics devices, and their use in the implementation of nanorobots applied to epidemic control, illustrate what upcoming technologies can enable in terms of real time health monitoring.

The approach for in vivo monitoring chemical concentrations should also apply to other biomedical problems, and likewise be useful for prognosis of complex diseases and phamacokinetics control. Furthermore, in the proposed platform architecture, different programs and commands can be sent and information retrieved from inside body through wireless communication, providing important aspects on interface and medical instrumentation of nanorobots.

2.3. Prevention and Control

The World Health Organization (WHO) has started in 1948 the initiative to implement a worldwide identification of new influenza viruses [14]. Currently demand for vaccines and effective ways to quickly manage and fight a pandemic outbreak are enormous, which also motivated WHO to develop the Global Outbreak Alert and Response Network, enhancing the world's collaboration in containment of infectious diseases [47].

Some highly contagious germs, such as SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) [15], smallpox [11] and influenza [17], can bring deadly consequences, and spread easily across borders and among populations from different countries. In face of international security demand for defense against new threats driven by possibly biohazard outbreaks, the current $13 billion global vaccine business should grow 18% a year to $30 billion by 2011 [48]. The concern to avoid personnel losses has also motivated the implementation of periodical crew immunization of US Navy against influenza and other plagues as surveillance safety action [2,3]. The concern in this matter, in order to save and protect lives, help us to understand how important is to improve population-wide disease outbreak detection [49], preventing any pandemic onset. In fact, a pandemic influenza outbreak would likely cause the most severe vaccine shortages to date with global consequences [50].

Notwithstanding that improved drugs and vaccines have evolved a lot, antimicrobials are of limited usefulness due to the following aspects: antimicrobial resistance to drugs and antibiotics, the large number of possible microbes that can be used for weapons, and limitations in technical feasibility for developing vaccines and effective antibacterials against certain germs [3,4]. Therefore, in recent years a crescent concern and interest has emerged for methods to efficiently protect people lives not only through immunization, but also and even more accurately through advanced real time biomolecular in vivo virus detection [51].

An efficient bioharzard defense system should address frequent collection of data, fast information transfer, early signature of the outbreak, immediate analysis of incoming data, and immediate output [10]. On such aspects, the current trends on new nanobiosensors, and miniaturization of micro to nanoelectronics, open new possibilities with the development of medical nanorobotics for the implementation of efficient biohazard defense systems. 
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